School system in Kenia


Primary School

Since 2013 primary school is mandatory in Kenia.

Fees - Havilah Hope Primary School

  • » per child: ~ 165 €/year

Havilah Hope is a private school with qualified teachers.
This fee includes costs for books, teachers’ salaries and examination fees and lunch (for non-Havilah kids)

  • » there are NO additional fees!

Public Primary Schools are supported by the government.  
Regardless of that there are additional fees:

  • » for school uniforms
  • » for lunch
  • » new pupils have to bring a desk and a chair or the money for those
  • » the different examinations have to be payed for separately
  • » in Nairobi pupils also have to pay the salary of the night guard, as well as for the electricity etc (ancillary costs)

Therefor not all parents can afford to send their kids to school.
Some of these parents are punished by the authorities for not sending their kids to school.

Children finishing Primary School with a good degree go to secondary schools. The kenian government decided that all children have to go to Secondary School when they finish Primary School.
They proudly claim that 100% of the pupils transition from Primary to Secondary School. Unfortunately that’s not true because many families simply can’t afford this!

Daily Secondary Schools

are very cheap  (however they have to be state-approved and then they’re supported by the government!)
Fees:   ~ 200 €/year

  • » one only has to pay for food
  • » there are additional costs for books and school uniform

Pupils in Secondary Schools also have to contribute to the costs for new projects e.g. :

  • » a new library
  • » a laboratory
  • » new class rooms
  • » toilets
  • » school bus
  • » ...

These costs are different from school to school.

Secondary Schools

There are different categories

National School  (this is the best category of secondary schools)

  • in order to attend pupils need a very good degree in KCPE which is a very important examination at the end of 8th grade
  • National Schools are very good state schools ( and always boarding schools!)
  • Fees:  ~ 750 €/year

Extra County School  

  • Fees:  ~ 750 €/year

County School

  • Fees:   ~ 600 €/year

Sub-County School  (the lowest category)

  • Fees:  as boarding school:  ~ 500 €/year; as day school:  ~ 200 €/year
  • In addition there are costs for books & school uniform, mattress and blanket etc.

With a degree from Secondary School it’s possible to qualify for university!
» chances for this are best when one graduates from National School


  • » Offer vocational training after school
  • » Have gotten more affordable since they’re supported by the government
  • » They’re a good opportunity if the grades or money aren’t enough to go to University
  • » The kenian government offers the opportunity to get a loan


  • » One year consists of 2 terms from September to December and from January to April. There’s a break from May to August.
  • » Some Universities offer a third term from May to August

  • Fees:
    » Going to University requires a one-time fee of 510 €.
    » The 2nd term in this 1st year costs 350 €.
    »After that the fees are  ~ 500 €/year (only for public Universities, private Universities are much more expensive than the ones that are state-approved!)
    » The kenian government offers students the opportunity to get a loan

  • Additional costs:
    » monthly  ~ 35 €  rent  (only if it’s at the universitie’s hostel. Otherwise the rent is much higher.)
    » Students need to bring a bed and mattress
    » Monthly upkeep – food etc.
    » Students need to bring their own laptop
    » Books and uniform